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  1. A few corrections when it comes to specifics, because this EE is very buggy and for that reason there was a lot of misinformation. But according to trial and error and the code, this is a more accurate series of steps for Maxis' side: https://www.reddit.com/r/CODZombies/comments/gi9z1w/actual_die_rise_guide_for_maxis_side_tired_of_the/ The main contentious step is the "reincarnation is key" one. Apparently Russman has nothing to do with it. You only have to pack-a-punch the ballistic knife and go shoot the buddha statue or somewhere near it after killing enough zombies and triggering the "reincarnation is key" line. After that, for some reason Misty and Marlton have to be the ones to pick up the balls or the game will glitch. So I think he says, "Ah, yes! Do you see? The energy of their broken souls has been released! Their energy fields remain in flux. Matter must be transformed before it can be contained. The Spire must be energized as fire and light. Create a field with which to bind it." after shooting the buddha statue, implying you should use the trample steams and the balls to create the field. Then, after creating the field, he would say, "Excellent! The energy fields are changing, transforming, flowing. Ah, you are on the right path. You must look for objects of steel. With the appropriate weapon, their energy fields can be manipulated" with the weapon of steel being the galvaknuckles at the end. It's possible he might be using Victis' energy also, he just isn't implying it. But regardless, they are used to manipulate energy acquired in a different manner. I also find it interesting that it must be done in a specific way, hitting the different directions of the tower in a certain order, which feels like it would relate to some pseudoscience about energy and the poles, but I'm no expert there. As for what the balls are, they seem to be made of the same material as the lion statue and have a similar pattern to its neck collar. I have to assume it's just some kind of mysticism at play.
  2. Chapter 7: My Way is now up on the site and on the Google Doc: https://www.callofdutyzombies.com/story/book2-ch7/ Also, @Grimmstein made a cover for Book 2: Amazing work as always!
  3. Requiem (15/15) Audio Logs (4) "The Zakarpatska Oblast" - Ravenov reveals to Weaver the location of Operatsiya Izbavitel. "Symbotic Relationship" - Strauss records his findings on three particularly unique crystals - and their special ability to forge an ancient aethereal weapon. "Russian to Russian" - Weaver formally introduces himself to Zykov - and makes a deal. "For Health" - Weaver and Carter share a late night drink and discuss the future. Documents (6) "Ancient Parchment" - A Dark Aether drawing of a deadly Aethereal weapon by the Zealot Sparagmos. "Collapse Report" - A document discussing the environmental collapse and terraforming of several Outbreak Zones around the globe, including the Ural Mountains. "Ancient Parchment 2" - Documentation of the crystals required to forge the Chrysalax by the Zealot Sparagmos. "Requiem Neutralizer Blueprint" - The design for field construction of an Aetherium Neutralizer, if an operator is compromised by the Phase. "Memorandum for the Board" - A memorandum from Requiem's Director discussing the events of Berlin and his involvement. "Progress Report" - A progress report for the Director regarding the progress of another operation. Artifacts (5) "The Chrysalax" - Forged in the pools of the Dark Aether, the Chrysalax combines three crystals, creating an Aetheral weapon that can transform at will between two forms. "Housing Unit" - A sufficient housing unit for constructing an Aetherium Neutralizer in the field. "Monitoring Device" - An adequate monitor for an Aetherium Neutralizer assembled from spare parts, capable of broadcasting status updates to the user. "Fuel Tank" - A makeshift fuel tank for an Aetherium Neutralizer, saucer-shaped to stabilize the volatile catalyzed Aetherium. "Aetherium Neutralizer" - It may not be professionally constructed, but this field-assembled Aetherium Neutralizer will still provide all the necessary protection from areas with high levels of irradiated Aetherium. Omega (13/13) Audio Logs (4) "Fully Operational" - Kravchenko pays an unexpected visit at Test Site Anna - and informs Peck of an alarming schedule update. "Deja Vu" - As Kravchenko and Peck run their eighth attempt to extract Zykov, a catastrophic miscalculation is made. "The Agreement" - Peck makes another phone call. "The Magnificent Two" - Gorev and Jager form a tentative accord should Operation Izbavitel fail. Documents (9) "Operatsiya Izbavitel Approval" - A letter from Chebrikov, giving Omega Group authorization to proceed with Operatsiya Izbavitel. "Order of Operations" - A memorandum from Kravchenko to Omega Department Leads, reviewing the order of operations on the day Operatsiya Inversiya is to be executed. "Test Site Construction Blueprint" - The design specs for the particle accelerator and the Amplifier tunnel at Test Site Anna. "Containment Chamber Blueprint" - The design specs for the Containment Chamber for Operatsiya Inversiya. "Location Targets" - Kravchenko discusses his thoughts on potential targets once Operatsiya Inversiya is complete. "Aetherium Gun Turret Blueprint" - The design specs for the Aetherium Energy Gun Turret, to be used as part of Operatsiya Inversiya. "Forsaken Photograph" - A photograph of the Forsaken, taken in the Dark Aether by one of Omega's Aethernauts. "ARC-XD Blueprint" - The design specs for the ARC-XD, a remote-controlled vehicle, carrying an Aetherium payload, capable of distracting undead enemies. "Anton Note" - A note written by Omega Officer Anton, discussing recent happenings at Test Site Anna. Maxis (4/4) Audio Logs (3) "My Control" - Grey vists Maxis at Requiem's Block 8 facility. "My Orders" - Weaver calls Maxis before Operation First Domino. "My Choice" - Maxis records her final personal log. Documents (1) "Maxis Approval Memo" - A report from the Director authorizing Maxis for Operation First Domino. Dark Aether (4/4) Artifacts (4) "Polymorphic Crystal Core" - Created by the hands of Sparagmos, the polymorphic crystal core can shift its form - the source of the Chrysalax's transformative powers. "Energetic Geode" - Highly volatile, the Energetic Geode is created from a Dark Aether Crystal impacted by an Aetherium energy blast. "Tempered Crystal Heart" - The fiery crystal heart of a Tormentor. "Catalyzed Crystal Shard" - When assembling an Aetherium Neutralizer in the field, catalyzed Aetherium crystals create an acceptable replacement for the Aetherium Orb, if one is not available.
  4. Intel is all done here. Moving to Forsaken now.
  5. Audio intel is done here. Still need the documents and artifacts. If anyone has screenshots, they would be much appreciated.
  6. Mostly grammar and typos. The only major change is changing what Group 601 is and changing Kustover Posten to Kustenposten. With the latter change, I know in the beginning it likely referred to the Siberian Facility, being by the coast, but it developed such a mystery around it in the community that I'd like to keep it as a separate facility.
  7. I've gone through and made edits to Book 1 and updated every chapter so far in Book 1 and 2 on the site. I'm freezing work on Book 1 for a long time now, so now's the best time to read it if you've been putting it off! https://www.callofdutyzombies.com/story/home/
  8. Requiem (5/5) Documents (2) "Page Six" (Location: ???) - Transcript excerpt from a CIA-DOD emergency meeting held on November 3, 1983 regarding the Morasko Disaster. "B-14 Wiretap Transcript" (Location: ???) - Transcript from wiretap b-14, recording of Major Carver's home line on April 30, 1985. Artifacts (3) "Tesla Storm Canister" (Location: ???) - One of several interchangable canister for the W.A.N.D. weapon. When used, creates a lightning chain that connects to other operators, stunning and damaging undead enemies. "Weaver's Eyepatch" (Location: ???) - One of Weaver's spare eyepatches. "???" (Location: ???) - Personal mug of Requiem's one and only "Best Director." Omega (4/4) Audio Logs (2) "Codename Whiskers" (Location: ???) - Peck takes a gamble and makes the call of his life. "Lineage" (Location: ???) - Kravchenko seeks Jager's council on his new plan and inquires about Jager's family history. Artifacts (2) "Jager's ID Badge" (Location: ???) - Jager's official Omega Group ID. "Contaminated Crystal" (Location: ???) - An Aetherium Crystal with unusually high concentrations of Dark Aether radiation. Report to Unnatural Sciences immediately for quarantine. Maxis (5/5) Audio Logs (1) "I Am Alive" (Location: ???) - Maxis is given a new directive. Documents (2) "Ability Assessment" (Location: ???) - Requiem assessment report summarizing Maxis' various abilities. Heavily redacted. "Samantha Letter" (Location: ???) - Maxis writes a letter to herself. Radio Transmissions (2) "The Boy" (Location: ???) - I just need you to know I'm sorry. "The Promise" (Location: ???) - I have seen the darkness. It is coming. Dark Aether (6/6) Audio Logs (2) "Lost Souls: Piotr 3" (Location: ???) - There is a machine I have seen in my crossings. A fiery-mechanical dragon. "Lost Souls: Piotr 4" (Location: ???) - The crystals. They take our memories. They form something new. Artifacts (4) "Empty Death Perception" (Location: ???) - An opened can of Death Perception. Likely used by an operator who needed perception so they enhanced their vision. "PhD Slider" (Location: ???) - An opened can of PhD Slider. Used by an operator who was shaken to the bone and made all the zombies groan. "Zykov's Mask" (Location: ???) - The gas mask of the Lost Russian. "Archaic Goblet" (Location: ???) - An ancient goblet that feels oddly familiar.
  9. All Season 5 Reloaded Intel is now added.
  10. I'm afraid there are no devs (that we know of) on this forum who could help you out, we're a zombies fan community.
  11. Woods has no time to eat, only to fight. But if he did, I'm sure it would be Spaghetti and Meatballs.
  12. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. The shallot is a botanical variety of the onion. Until 2010, the shallot was classified as a separate species.[2][3]:21 Its close relatives include the garlic, scallion, leek, chive,[4] and Chinese onion.[5] This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum), the tree onion (A. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions.[6] The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season. The onion plant has a fan of hollow, bluish-green leaves and its bulb at the base of the plant begins to swell when a certain day-length is reached. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become more dry and brittle. The crop is harvested and dried and the onions are ready for use or storage. The crop is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases, particularly the onion fly, the onion eelworm, and various fungi which can cause rotting. Some varieties of A. cepa, such as shallots and potato onions, produce multiple bulbs. Onions are cultivated and used around the world. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. They are pungent when chopped and contain certain chemical substances which may irritate the eyes. The onion plant (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion[7] or common onion,[3]:9-10 is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.[8][9] It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum.[10] A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: Allium cepa var. aggregatum – G. Don Allium cepa var. bulbiferum – Regel Allium cepa var. cepa – Linnaeus Allium cepa var. multiplicans – L.H. Bailey Allium cepa var. proliferum – (Moench) Regel Allium cepa var. solaninum – Alef Allium cepa var. viviparum – (Metz) Mansf.[11][12] A. cepa is known exclusively from cultivation,[6] but related wild species occur in Central Asia. The most closely related species include A. vavilovii (Popov & Vved.) and A. asarense (R.M. Fritsch & Matin) from Iran.[13] However, Zohary and Hopf state that "there are doubts whether the A. vavilovii collections tested represent genuine wild material or only feral derivatives of the crop."[14] The vast majority of cultivars of A. cepa belong to the "common onion group" (A. cepa var. cepa) and are usually referred to simply as "onions". The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. aggregatum) includes both shallots and potato onions.[3]:20-21 The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. ×proliferum), and Canada onion (A. canadense).[3]:9-10 Cepa is commonly accepted as Latin for "onion" and has an affinity with Ancient Greek: κάπια (kápia) and Albanian: qepë and is ancestral to Aromanian: tseapã, Catalan: ceba, Occitan: ceba, Portuguese: cebola, Spanish: cebolla, Italian: cipolla, and Romanian: ceapă. The English word chive is also derived from the Old French cive, which derived from cepa. The onion plant has been grown and selectively bred in cultivation for at least 7,000 years. It is a biennial plant, but is usually grown as an annual. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). The leaves are yellowish- to bluish green and grow alternately in a flattened, fan-shaped swathe. They are fleshy, hollow, and cylindrical, with one flattened side. They are at their broadest about a quarter of the way up, beyond which they taper towards a blunt tip. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. From the underside of the plate, a bundle of fibrous roots extends for a short way into the soil. As the onion matures, food reserves begin to accumulate in the leaf bases and the bulb of the onion swells.[15] Onion Flowers In the autumn, the leaves die back and the outer scales of the bulb become dry and brittle, so the crop is then normally harvested. If left in the soil over winter, the growing point in the middle of the bulb begins to develop in the spring. New leaves appear and a long, stout, hollow stem expands, topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence. The inflorescence takes the form of a globular umbel of white flowers with parts in sixes. The seeds are glossy black and triangular in cross section.[15] The average pH of an onion is around 5.5.[16] Because the wild onion is extinct and ancient records of using onions span western and eastern Asia, the geographic origin of the onion is uncertain,[17][18] although domestication likely took place in Southwest or Central Asia.[3]:20-21[19] Onions have been variously described as having originated in Iran, western Pakistan and Central Asia.[17][19]:1[18][20] Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport.[21][19][failed verification] Ancient Egyptians revered the onion bulb, viewing its spherical shape and concentric rings as symbols of eternal life.[19] Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV.[22] Pliny the Elder of the first century AD wrote about the use of onions and cabbage in Pompeii. He documented Roman beliefs about the onion's ability to improve ocular ailments, aid in sleep, and heal everything from oral sores and toothaches to dog bites, lumbago, and even dysentery. Archaeologists unearthing Pompeii long after its 79 AD volcanic burial have found gardens resembling those in Pliny's detailed narratives.[19] According to texts collected in the fifth/sixth century AD under the authorial aegis of "Apicius" (said to have been a gourmet), onions were used in many Roman recipes.[19] In the Age of Discovery, onions were taken to North America by the first European settlers,[17] only to discover the plant readily available, and in wide use in Native American gastronomy.[17] According to diaries kept by certain first English colonists, the bulb onion was one of the first crops planted by the Pilgrim fathers.[19] Onion types and products[edit] Sautéing onions Common onions are normally available in three colour varieties: Yellow or brown onions (called "red" in some European countries)[example needed][citation needed] are sweeter and are the onions of choice for everyday use in European cuisine, with many cultivars bred specifically to demonstrate this sweetness (Vidalia, Walla Walla, Cévennes, "Bermuda,"[23] etc.). Yellow onions turn a rich, dark brown when caramelised and give French onion soup its sweet flavour. Red or purple onions ("purple" is used in some European countries) are known for their sharp pungent flavor and are the onions of choice for everyday use in Asian cuisine. They are also used raw and in grilling. White onions are traditional in classic Mexican cuisine, and are milder in flavor; they have a golden colour when cooked and a particularly sweet flavour when sautéed.[24][19] Jar of pickled onions While the large, mature onion bulb is most often eaten, onions can be eaten at immature stages. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. When an onion is harvested after bulbing has begun, but the onion is not yet mature, the plants are sometimes referred to as "summer" onions.[25] Additionally, onions may be bred and grown to mature at smaller sizes. Depending on the mature size and the purpose for which the onion is used, these may be referred to as pearl, boiler, or pickler onions, but differ from true pearl onions which are a different species.[25] Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.[26] Onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and chopped forms. The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms. Onion powder is a seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient is not available. It is made from finely ground, dehydrated onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and has a strong odour. Being dehydrated, it has a long shelf life and is available in several varieties: yellow, red, and white.[27] Culinary uses[edit] See also: List of onion dishes Onions are commonly chopped and used as an ingredient in various hearty warm dishes, and may also be used as a main ingredient in their own right, for example in French onion soup, creamed onions, and onion chutney. They are versatile and can be baked, boiled, braised, grilled, fried, roasted, sautéed, or eaten raw in salads.[28] Their layered nature makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma. Onions pickled in vinegar are eaten as a snack around the world, and as a side serving in pubs and fish and chip shops throughout the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. They are part of a traditional British pub's ploughman's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, English cheese, and ale. Similar to garlic,[29] onions can show an additional colour – pink-red – after cutting, an effect caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds.[30] Non-culinary uses[edit] The large size of onion cells makes them useful for microscopy. These cells from the epidermis of a red onion are naturally pigmented. Onions have particularly large cells that are readily observed under low magnification. Forming a single layer of cells, the bulb epidermis is easy to separate for educational, experimental, and breeding purposes.[31][32] Onions are therefore commonly used in science education to teach the use of a microscope for observing cell structure.[33] Onions are toxic to dogs, cats, guinea pigs, and many other animals.[34][35] Onion skins can be boiled to make an orange-brown dye.[36] Onions contain quercetin, a plant pigment which has amazing antioxidant properties. Hence, onions help in reducing oxidative stress.[37] The results of a Japanese study suggest that onions help in reducing oxidative stress caused by diabetes.[38] In yet another study conducted in China concluded that onion juice reduces oxidative stress and can be recommended to patients dealing with bone problems like osteoporosis.[39] Composition[edit] Nutrients[edit] Raw onion bulbs Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy166 kJ (40 kcal) Carbohydrates 9.34 g Sugars4.24 g Dietary fibre1.7 g Fat 0.1 g Protein 1.1 g VitaminsQuantity%DV† Thiamine (B1) 4% 0.046 mgRiboflavin (B2) 2% 0.027 mgNiacin (B3) 1% 0.116 mgPantothenic acid (B5) 2% 0.123 mgVitamin B6 9% 0.12 mgFolate (B9) 5% 19 μgVitamin C 9% 7.4 mg MineralsQuantity%DV† Calcium 2% 23 mgIron 2% 0.21 mgMagnesium 3% 10 mgManganese 6% 0.129 mgPhosphorus 4% 29 mgPotassium 3% 146 mgZinc 2% 0.17 mg Other constituentsQuantity Water89.11 g Fluoride1.1 µg Link to USDA Database entry Units μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams IU = International units †Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA FoodData Central Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). Onions contain low amounts of essential nutrients and have an energy value of 166 kJ (40 kilocalories) in a 100 g (3.5 oz) amount. Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content.[19] Phytochemicals[edit] Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions.[40] Yellow onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions.[40] Red onions have considerable content of anthocyanin pigments, with at least 25 different compounds identified representing 10% of total flavonoid content.[40] Onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible biological properties in humans.[40][41] Some people suffer from allergic reactions after handling onions.[42] Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and anaphylaxis. Allergic reactions may not occur when eating cooked onions, possibly due to the denaturing of the proteins from cooking.[43] Eye irritation[edit] Cut onions emit certain compounds which cause the lacrimal glands in the eyes to become irritated, releasing tears. Freshly cut onions often cause a stinging sensation in the eyes of people nearby, and often uncontrollable tears. This is caused by the release of a volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the eye.[8] This gas is produced by a chain of reactions which serve as a defence mechanism: chopping an onion causes damage to cells which releases enzymes called alliinases. These break down amino acid sulfoxides and generate sulfenic acids. A specific sulfenic acid, 1-propenesulfenic acid, is rapidly acted on by a second enzyme, the lacrimatory factor synthase (LFS), producing the syn-propanethial-S-oxide.[8] This gas diffuses through the air and soon reaches the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant.[44] Eye irritation can be avoided by cutting onions under running water or submerged in a basin of water.[44] Leaving the root end intact also reduces irritation as the onion base has a higher concentration of sulphur compounds than the rest of the bulb.[45] Refrigerating the onions before use reduces the enzyme reaction rate and using a fan can blow the gas away from the eyes. The more often one chops onions, the less one experiences eye irritation.[46] The amount of sulfenic acids and lacrimal factor released and the irritation effect differs among Allium species. In 2008, the New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research created "no tears" onions by genetic modification to prevent the synthesis of lachrymatory factor synthase in onions.[47] One study suggests that consumers prefer the flavor of onions with lower LFS content.[48] However, since the LFS-silencing process involves reducing sulfur ingestion by the plant, it has also been suggested that LFS− onions are inferior in flavor.[49] A method for efficiently differentiating LFS− and LFS+ onions has been developed based on mass spectrometry, with potential application in high-volume production;[50] gas chromatography is also used to measure lachrymatory factor in onions.[51][52] In early 2018, Bayer released the first crop yield of commercially available LFS-silenced onions under the name "Sunions."[53] They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed.[53][54] Guinea hen weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor.[55] Synthetic onion lachrymatory factor has been used in a study related to tear production,[56] and has been proposed as a nonlethal deterrent against thieves and intruders.[57][58] Onion bulbs used for planting and seeds Cultivation[edit] Large-scale onion cultivation Onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are well-drained. Sandy loams are good as they are low in sulphur, while clayey soils usually have a high sulphur content and produce pungent bulbs. Onions require a high level of nutrients in the soil. Phosphorus is often present in sufficient quantities, but may be applied before planting because of its low level of availability in cold soils. Nitrogen and potash can be applied at regular intervals during the growing season, the last application of nitrogen being at least four weeks before harvesting.[59] Bulbing onions are day-length sensitive; their bulbs begin growing only after the number of daylight hours has surpassed some minimal quantity. Most traditional European onions are referred to as "long-day" onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more of daylight occurs. Southern European and North African varieties are often known as "intermediate-day" types, requiring only 12–13 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. "Short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation.[60] Onions are a cool-weather crop and can be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9.[61] Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to "bolt", meaning that a flower stem begins to grow.[62] Onions may be grown from seeds or from partially grown bulbs called "sets". Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow rows, or "drills," with each drill 12" to 18" apart. As the seedlings emerge and crowd each other, they are progressively thinned until the proper distance, usually 4" to 6", between each plant is attained.[61][63] In suitable climates, certain cultivars can be sown in late summer and autumn to overwinter in the ground and produce early crops the following year.[15] Onion bulbs are produced by sowing seeds in a dense pattern in early summer, then harvested in the autumn when the bulbs are still small, followed by drying and storage. These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season.[64] Certain cultivars used for growing and storing bulbs may not have such good storage characteristics as those grown directly from seed.[15] Routine care during the growing season involves keeping the rows free of competing weeds, especially when the plants are young. The plants are shallow-rooted and do not need much water when established. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. The bulbs can be gathered when needed to eat fresh, but if they will be stored, they are harvested after the leaves have died back naturally. In dry weather, they can be left on the surface of the soil for a few days for drying, then placed in nets, roped into strings, or laid in layers in shallow boxes. They are stored effectively in a well-ventilated, cool place.[15] Pests and diseases[edit] Larvae of the onion fly Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. The most serious for the home gardener are likely to be the onion fly, stem and bulb eelworm, white rot, and neck rot. Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and white tip disease. The bulbs may be affected by splitting, white rot, and neck rot. Shanking is a condition in which the central leaves turn yellow and the inner part of the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime. Most of these disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants.[65] The larvae of the onion leaf miner or leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) sometimes attack the foliage and may burrow down into the bulb.[66] The onion fly (Delia antiqua) lays eggs on the leaves and stems and on the ground close to onion, shallot, leek, and garlic plants. The fly is attracted to the crop by the smell of damaged tissue and is liable to occur after thinning. Plants grown from sets are less prone to attack. The larvae tunnel into the bulbs and the foliage wilts and turns yellow. The bulbs are disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather. Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants.[67] The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. The site should not be used for growing onions again for several years and should also be avoided for growing carrots, parsnips, and beans, which are also susceptible to the eelworm.[68] White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. As the roots rot, the foliage turns yellow and wilts. The bases of the bulbs are attacked and become covered by a fluffy white mass of mycelia, which later produces small, globular black structures called sclerotia. These resting structures remain in the soil to reinfect a future crop. No cure for this fungal disease exists, so affected plants should be removed and destroyed and the ground used for unrelated crops in subsequent years.[69] Neck rot is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. The symptoms often first occur where the bulb has been damaged and spread downwards in the affected scales. Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. In time, a dry rot sets in and the bulb becomes a dry, mummified structure. This disease may be present throughout the growing period, but only manifests itself when the bulb is in storage. Antifungal seed dressings are available and the disease can be minimised by preventing physical damage to the bulbs at harvesting, careful drying and curing of the mature onions, and correct storage in a cool, dry place with plenty of circulating air.[70] Production of onions and shallots (green) in 2019 Countrytonnes China1,001,255 Japan526,718 Mali522,997 South Korea458,949 World4,491,246 Source: UN Food and Agriculture Organization[71] Production[edit] Onion grading at the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, England, using a manually-operated sorter In 2019, world production of onions and shallots (as green produce) was 4.5 million tonnes, led by China with 22% of the world total, and Japan, Mali, and South Korea as secondary producers.[71] Storage[edit] In the home[edit] Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in large mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location. In this environment, cooking onions have a shelf life of three to four weeks and sweet onions one to two weeks. Cooking onions will absorb odours from apples and pears. Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay.[61][72] Sweet onions have a greater water and sugar content than cooking onions. This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. Sweet onions can be stored refrigerated; they have a shelf life of around 1 month. Irrespective of type, any cut pieces of onion are best tightly wrapped, stored away from other produce, and used within two to three days.[45] Varieties[edit] Common onion group (var. cepa)[edit] Most of the diversity within A. cepa occurs within this group, the most economically important Allium crop. Plants within this group form large single bulbs, and are grown from seed or seed-grown sets. The majority of cultivated varieties grown for dry bulbs, salad onions, and pickling onions belong to this group.[3]:20-21 The range of diversity found among these cultivars includes variation in photoperiod (length of day that triggers bulbing), storage life, flavour, and skin colour.[73] Common onions range from the pungent varieties used for dried soups and onion powder to the mild and hearty sweet onions, such as the Vidalia from Georgia, USA, or Walla Walla from Washington that can be sliced and eaten raw on a sandwich. Rossa di Tropea onions for sale in Italy Aggregatum group (var. aggregatum)[edit] This group contains shallots and potato onions, also referred to as multiplier onions. The bulbs are smaller than those of common onions, and a single plant forms an aggregate cluster of several bulbs from a master. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Shallots are the most important subgroup within this group and comprise the only cultivars cultivated commercially. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. Potato onions differ from shallots in forming larger bulbs with fewer bulbs per cluster, and having a flattened (onion-like) shape. However, intermediate forms exist.[3]:20-21 I'itoi onion is a prolific multiplier onion cultivated in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area. This small-bulb type has a shallot-like flavour and is easy to grow and ideal for hot, dry climates. Bulbs are separated, and planted in the fall 1 in below the surface and 12 in apart. Bulbs will multiply into clumps and can be harvested throughout the cooler months. Tops die back in the heat of summer and may return with heavy rains; bulbs can remain in the ground or be harvested and stored in a cool dry place for planting in the fall. The plants rarely flower; propagation is by division.[74] Hybrids with A. cepa parentage[edit] A number of hybrids are cultivated that have A. cepa parentage, such as the diploid tree onion or Egyptian onion (A. ×proliferum), and the triploid onion (A. ×cornutum). The tree onion or Egyptian onion produces bulblets in the umbel instead of flowers, and is now known to be a hybrid of A. cepa and A. fistulosum. It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. proliferum, A. cepa var. bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. viviparum.[75][3]:19 It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion.[76][3]:9-10 The triploid onion is a hybrid species with three sets of chromosomes, two sets from A. cepa and the third set from an unknown parent.[3]:19 Various clones of the triploid onion are grown locally in different regions, such as 'Ljutika' in Croatia, and 'Pran', 'Poonch', and 'Srinagar' in the India-Kashmir region. 'Pran' is grown extensively in the northern Indian provinces of Jammu and Kashmir. There are very small genetic differences between 'Pran' and the Croatian clone 'Ljutika', implying a monophyletic origin for this species.[77] Some authors have used the name A. cepa var. viviparum (Metzg.) Alef. for the triploid onion, but this name has also been applied to the Egyptian onion. The only name unambiguously connected with the triploid onion is A. ×cornutum. Spring onions or salad onions may be grown from the Welsh onion (A. fistulosum), as well as from A. cepa. Young plants of A. fistulosum and A. cepa look very similar, but may be distinguished by their leaves, which are circular in cross-section in A. fistulosum rather than flattened on one side.[78]
  13. 5. Frank Woods has participated in potentially hundreds of battles You can't kill him This isn't a joke, no sir. Let's break it down. Frank Woods was born on March 20th, 1930. Some say he was born with his signature bandana and a baby sized M16. Reportedly, his first words were, "We need to stop wasting our time with this baby garbage and get back to the business of dropping the hammer on the Commies." Here are all the confirmed missions, battles, and wars that Frank Woods participated in: - Enlisted in the US Marines at age 18 in 1948 - Battle of Masan 1950 (Korea) - Battle of the Pusan Perimeter 1950 (Korea) - Battle of Naktong Bulge 1950 (Korea) - Second Battle of Naktong Bulge 1950 (Korea) - Battle of Bunker Hill 1952 (Korea) - Battle of Outpost Vegas 1953 (Korea) - Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 - Sabotage of Baikonur Cosmodrome 1963 - He joins SOG in 1967 to fight in various battles in Laos (Vietnam) - Siege in Khe Sanh 1968 (Vietnam) - Battle of Hue 1968 (Vietnam) - Attack at South DMZ to find signs of Russian presence 1968 (Vietnam) - Raid on crashed Soviet plane in Laos 1968 (Vietnam) - Escaping Vietnam rat tunnels, freeing POWs, getting captured 1968 (Vietnam) - Escaping prison in Da Nang 1972 - Destroying parable machines in Saigon 1975 - Recovering CIA Analysts at Tan Son Nhut Air Base 1975 - Raid on Mt. Yamantau to kill Dr. Schlussel 1977 - Raid on Mt. Elbrus to destroy ICBMs 1977 - Rescue of CIA operative and destruction of Nova 6 base 1977 - Raid on Qasim Javadi's hideout in Amsterdam 1981 - Assassination of Arask Kadivar in Turkey 1981 - Raid on Soviet military complex in Ukraine 1981 - Raid on Mt. Yamantau to recover mainframe 1981 - Assassination of Robert Aldritch in New Mexico 1981 - Assassination of Vadim Rudnik in Uzbekistan 1981 - Raid on Perseus' compound in Cuba 1981 - Raid on Perseus' compound in Solovetsky Islands, deactivating greenlight nukes 1981 - Raid on The Pines Mall in New Jersey 1984 - Raid at Adler's last known location in Laos 1984 - Rescuing Adler in Verdansk 1984 - Investigating crashed satellite in Algeria 1984 - Raid on a numbers station in Germany 1984 - Captured in Angola by Menendez, tortured 1986 - Rescued in Angola 1986 - Repelled Soviet invasion alongside Mujahideen 1986 - Raid on Menendez's compound 1986 - Capture of Manuel Noriega in Panama 1989 I told you I wasn't joking. And that's just all the missions we can confirm. Not to mention, his actions in Panama had major ramifications down the line, indirectly leading to the deaths of millions in the Second and Third Cold War and collapse of society. Speaking of... 4. Frank Woods is indirectly responsible for the deaths of millions in the Second and Third Cold War and collapse of society He has both Richtofen and Maxis blushing... As we all know, Woods has a bit of a temper. In 1986, after being tortured and watching men under his command die, Woods becomes obsessed with taking down Raul Menendez himself. In his fury, he threw a grenade that changed the world forever. The grenade killed Menendez's sister, sending him down a path of vengeance that led to the creation of Cordis Die, which set out to draw a divide between the US and China, sparking the Second Cold War. The fallout from the drone attacks on major cities around the world led to a breakdown of the world economy and the dissolution of the EU. One thing led to another, and by the 2060s the world was in chaos and a THIRD Cold War had begun between the world's major powers, and millions were killed in the conflict. Almost seems like it was a bad idea for the CIA to send him on such a personal mission when he's clearly suffering from PTSD as a result of half a century of constant war crimes. What a Maxis move by the CIA. 3. Frank Woods is an onion He is Layers. Onions have layers. Woods has layers. Onions have layers. You get it? They both have layers. 2. Frank Woods has no life Just like his fans Have you ever stopped and wondered what the fuck this guy does in his free time? Like, I just pointed out he spent half a century pointing his gun at whatever the CIA wanted him to, but there's more to life than that, right? Right?! We know Mason had family in Alaska, and we know despite getting his mind turned into soup he still found time to come home and have a kid. But Woods has literally never mentioned the mere idea of family. Not even once. His entire biography by Ryan Jackson basically amounts to, "This guy just likes war, that's it. He intends to die in the most badass way possible." It took Menendez blowing his legs off and an orphaned David Mason to get him to just settle the fuck down. And even then, I'm not convinced he didn't go on some kind of mission while paralyzed. You can't keep this guy down and out. (Forgot to mention apparently he can play the drums) His only friend is pretty much Mason. Outside of that, he doesn't like anyone. He only tolerates them so long as they help him in whatever his mission of the day is. Did Woods ever pursue love? Did he ever just touch grass and look at the stars? The only time this man ever showed any attachment to another human being was when his Archetype was in a relationship with Savannah Mason, and that technically wasn't even him! His one relationship, and it just so happens to be with his best friend's granddaughter? Not cool, man. 1. There are actually two Frank Woods' Technically three... Did you play Black Ops: Cold War and think... man, something's off about Woods. It's just not right. Something's fishy. Today I will reveal the truth they have been keeping from you. In 1968, Woods was captured by Kravchenko and presumed dead, left to rot in the Hanoi Hilton with other POWs. How and when he escaped is still a point of contention. In BO2 he claims to have been transferred to Da Nang after six months, and he stayed there until 1972 after which he escaped and returned home. In the BO1 Terminal, however, a mysterious --X-- claims he is still in the Hanoi Hilton in 1978. How can this be? Clones. Yeah, that's what I said. You need more than that? Fine. In 1963, the Ascension Group arrived at the abandoned Siberian Facility once occupied by Group 935. While their mission to give Pablo the Apothicon Blood failed, control of the site was still up in the air. The Russians, however, succeeded, recovering the clone technology present at the base. After capturing Woods in 1968, Kravchenko had plans for him. During his stay at the Hilton for six months, a clone was created with part of Woods' personality and memories. From this point forward, we shall refer to the clone as Frank Forest. Frank Forest's indoctrination was not entirely complete, as it would take nearly a decade before he could become a suitable sleeper agent. Unfortunately for Kravchenko, Frank Woods managed to escape Da Nang in 1972 and returned home to work for the CIA for several years. That is, until 1975. During a routine excursion to Vietnam for the 50,000th time, Woods was re-captured and sent to Hanoi. Frank Forest was ready to shine. Forest was sent in, and worked as Woods for the CIA until 1986. He remained undercover the entire time, fooling even close associates like Hudson and Adler. But he didn't fool me. The facial structure is all wrong. He doesn't seem like his usual angry, unhinged self. He says he's... like an onion? I don't think so. More of a cabbage. Then there's the voice... No, no, this isn't right at all. Most troubling of all... He's a... pothead? The hints were all there, we were just too blind to see them. Luckily, -- X -- stepped in, tipping Mason off to the ruse, informing him that the real Woods was in Hanoi. Woods and Forest faced off, leaving Woods the victor. Come to think of it... Mason seemed a little off too... and Hudson...
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